Biography and Publications

I studied Computational Linguistics and German Language and Literature at the University of Trier (Germany), and received my M.A. in 1995. From 1995 to 1998 I worked as a database manager at the Max Planck Institute of Psycholinguistics (The Netherlands) and as a research assistant at the Humboldt University of Berlin. In 2001, I obtained a Ph.D. at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics under the supervision of Prof Harald Baayen and Prof Robert Schreuder. I then worked for one year as a postdoctoral fellow in the Linguistics department at the University of Alberta (Canada), before taking up a position as a Lecturer (Assistant Professor) at the University of Birmingham in 2002. I was promoted to Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor) in 2008 and to Reader (Senior Associate Professor) in 2019.



Papers in refereed journals

*joint senior author

DeLuca, V., Voits, T., Ni, J., Carter, F., Foyzul, R., Mazaheri, A., Krott, A.*, Segaert, K.* (in press). Mapping individual aspects of bilingual experience to adaptations in brain structure. Cerebral Cortex

Carter, F., DeLuca, V., Segaert, K., Mazaheri, A., & Krott, A. (in press). Functional neural architecture of cognitive control mediates the relationship between individual differences in bilingual experience and behaviour. NeuroImage.

Markiewicz, R., Mazaheri, A. & Krott, A. (2023). Bilingualism can cause enhanced conflict monitoring and occasional delayed responses in a flanker task. European Journal of Neuroscience, 57 (1), 129-147.

Snape, S., & Krott, A. (2022). The challenge of relational referents in early word extensions: Evidence from noun-noun compounds. Journal of Child Language 49 (1), 131-163. 

Goranova, Z., Olson, A., & Krott, A. (2021). What about lexical competition? Exploring the locus of lexical retrieval deficits in adults with Developmental Dyslexia. Neuropsychology 35(8), 822-846.

Fritz, I., Kita, S., Littlemore, J., & Krott, A. (2021). Multimodal language processing: How preceding discourse constraints gesture interpretation and affects gesture integration when gestures do not synchronise with semantic affiliates. Journal of Memory and Language, 117, 104191.

Zuniga-Montanez, CC., Kita, S., Aussems, S., & Krott, A. (2021). Beyond the shape of things: infants can be taught to generalize nouns by function. Psychological Science, 32(7):1073-1085.

Tarighat, S., & Krott, A. (2021). Bilingualism enhances reported perspective taking in men, but not in women. Frontiers in Psychology, 12:679524.

DeLuca, V., Segaert, K., Mazaheri, A., & Krott, A. (2020). Understanding bilingual brain function and structure changes? U bet! A unified bilingual experience trajectory model. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 56, 100930.

Cattani, A., Krott, A., Dennis, I., Floccia, C. (2019). WinG Words in Game Test: A vocabulary assessment for pre-school children. St Mabyn, UK: Stass Publications. ISBN: 9781874534563.

Poarch, G.J., & Krott, A. (2019). A bilingual advantage? An appeal for a change in perspective and recommendations for future research. Behavioural Sciences, 9 (9), [95]. 

Krott, A., Medaglia, M. T., & Porcaro, C. (2019). Early and late effects of semantic distractors on electroencephalographic response during overt picture naming. Frontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00696

Fritz, I., Kita, S., Littlemore, J., & Krott, A. (2019). Information packaging in speech shapes information packaging in gesture: The role of speech planning units in the coordination of speech-gesture production. Journal of Memory and Language, 104, 56-69.


Snape, S., & Krott, A. (2018). The benefits of simultaneously encountered exemplars and of exemplar variability to verb learning. Journal of Child Language, 45 (6), 1412-1422.


Snape, S., McCleery, Joseph P., & Krott, A.(2018). Do children with Autism Spectrum Disorder benefit from structural alignment when constructing categories? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,48 (9),2912-2924.


Floccia, C., Sambrook, T. D., Delle Luche, C., Kwok, R., Goslin, J., White, L., Cattani, A., Sullivan, E., Abbot-Smith, K., Krott, A., Mills, D., Rowland, C., Gervain, J., & Plunkett, K.(2018). Vocabulary of 2-Year-Olds Learning English and an Additional Language: Norms and Effects of Linguistic Distance. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 83 (1), 1-135.


Snape, S., & Krott, A.(2017). The role of inhibition in moving beyond perceptually focused noun extensions. First Language,17, 31-56.


Zhou, B., and Krott, A.(2016). Bilingualism enhances attentional control in non-verbal conflict tasks – evidence from ex-Gaussian analyses. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. DOI: 10.1017/S1366728916000869


Zhou, B., & Krott, A.(2016). Data trimming procedure can eliminate bilingual cognitive advantage. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 23 (4), 1221-1230.DOI:10.3758/s13423-015-0981-6


Porcaro, C., Medaglia, M. T., & Krott, A.(2015). Removing speech artifacts from electroencephalographic recordings during overt picture naming. NeuroImage,105, 171-180. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.10.049


Cattani, A., Abbot-Smith, K., Farag, R., Krott, A., Arreckx, F., Denis, I., & Floccia, C. (2014). How much exposure to English is necessary for a bilingual toddler to perform like a monolingual peer in language tests? International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 49 (6), 649-671. DOI:10.1111/1460-6984.12082


Breadmore, H., Krott, A., & Olson, A. (2013). Agreeing to disagree: Deaf and hearing children’s awareness of subject-verb number agreement. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67(3), 474-498. DOI:10.1080/17470218.2013.818702


Ganushchak, L.Y., Krott, A., Frisson, S., & Meyer, A.S. (2013). Processing words and Short Message Service shortcuts in sentential contexts: An eye-movement study. Applied Psycholinguistics, 34, 163-179.


Krott, A., & Lebib, R. (2013). Eletrophysiological evidence for a neural substrate of morphological rule application in correct wordforms. Brain Research, 1496, 70-83.


Breadmore, H., Olson, A., & Krott, A.(2012). Deaf and hearing children’s plural noun spelling. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology,65 (11), 2169-2192.


Ganushchak, L.Y., Krott, A.& Meyer, A.S. (2012). From gr8 to great: Lexical access to SMS shortcuts. Frontiers in Psychology.


Ganushchak, L.Y., Krott, A.and Meyer, A.S. (2010). Electroencephalographic responses to SMS shortcuts. Brain Research, 1348, 120-127.


Krott, A.,Gagné, C. and Nicoladis, E. (2010). Children’s preference for HAS and LOCATED relations – A word learning bias for noun-noun compounds. Journal of Child Language, 37 (2), 373-394.

Ganushchak, L., Krott, A., & Meyer, A.S. (2010). Is it a letter? Is it a number? Processing of numbers within SMS shortcuts. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17 (1), 101-105.


Krott, A.,Gagné, C. and Nicoladis, E. (2009). How the parts relate to the whole: frequency effects on children’s interpretations of novel compounds. Journal of Child Language, 36 (1), 85-112.

Nicoladis, E. and Krott, A.(2007). Family size and French-speaking children’s segmentation of existing compounds. Language Learning, 57 (2), 201-228.


Krott, A.,Schreuder, R. and Baayen, R.H., Dressler, W.U. (2007). Analogical effects on linking elements in German compounds. Language and Cognitive Processes, 22 (1), 25-57.


Krott, A.,Baayen, R.H., & Hagoort, P. (2006). The nature of anterior negativities caused by misapplication of morphological rules. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18 (10),1616-1630.


Krott, A.,& Nicoladis, E. (2005). Large constituent families help children parse compounds. Journal of Child Language, 32 (1), 139-158.


Krott, A.,Hagoort, P., & Baayen, H. (2004): Sublexical units and supralexical combinatorics in the processing of interfixed Dutch compounds. Language and Cognitive Processes, 19 (3), 453-471.


Krott, A.,Libben, G., Jarema, G., Dressler, W.U., Schreuder, R., & Baayen, H. (2004): Probability in the grammar of German and Dutch: interfixation in tri-constituent compounds. Speech and Language, 47 (1), 83-106.


Krott, A.,Schreuder, R. and Baayen, R.H. (2002): Linking elements in Dutch noun-noun compounds: constituent families as analogical predictors for response latencies. Brain and Language, 81 (1-3), 723-735.


Krott, A.,Krebbers, L., Schreuder, R. and Baayen, R. H. (2002): Semantic influence on linkers in Dutch noun-noun compounds. Folia Linguistica, 36 (1-2), 7-22.


Krott, A.,Baayen, R. H. and Schreuder, R. (2001): Analogy in morphology: modeling the choice of linking morphemes in Dutch. Linguistics, 39 (1), 51-93.


Krott, A.,Schreuder, R. and Baayen, R.H. (1999): Complex words in complex words. Linguistics,37 (5), 905-926.

Schreuder, R., De Jong, N. H., Krott, A.and Baayen, R. H. (1999): Rules and rote: beyond the linguistic either-or fallacy.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22, 1038-1039.


Krott, A.(1999): Influence of morpheme polysemy on morpheme frequency. Journal of Quantitative Linguistics, 6 (1), 58-65.


Krott, A.(1996): Some remarks on the relation between word length and morpheme length. Journal of Quantitative Linguistics, 3 (1), 29-37.




Meyer, A., Wheeldon, L., & Krott, A.(2007). Automaticity and Control in Language  Processing. Hove and New York: Psychology Press.


Krott, A.(2001): Analogy in Morphology. The Selection of Linking Elements in Dutch Compounds.Doctoral dissertation. University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands (MPI series in Psycholinguistics, 18).


Contributions to edited works


Krott, A.(2009). The role of analogy for compound words. In Blevins, J., & Blevins, J. (Eds.). Analogy in Grammar: Form and Acquisition (pp. 118-136). Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Krott, A.(2004). Ein funktionalanalytisches Modell der Wortbildung [A functional analytical model of word formation]. Köhler, Reinhard (Ed.): Korpuslinguistische Untersuchungen zur Quantitativen und Systemtheoretischen Linguistik [Corpus-linguistic Investigations of Quantitative and System-theoretical Linguistics] (pp. 75-126). Elektronische Hochschulschriften an der Universität Trier.


Krott, A.,Schreuder, R. and Baayen, R.H. (2002): A note on the function of Dutch linking elements. In G. Booij & van Marle, J. (Eds.): Yearbook of Morphology 2001 (pp. 237-252). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.


Krott, A.,Schreuder, R. and Baayen, R. H. (2002): Analogical hierarchy: Exemplar-based modeling of linkers in Dutch noun-noun compounds. In R. Skousen, D. Londsdale, & D.B. Parkinson (Eds.): Analogical Modeling: An Exemplar-Based Approach to Language(pp.181-206). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.


Baayen, R. H., Schreuder, R., De Jong, N. H. and Krott, A.(2002): Dutch inflection: the rules that prove the exception. In S. Nooteboom, F. Weerman, & F. Wijnen (Eds.): Storage and computation in the language faculty (pp.61-92). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.


Conference Proceedings


Fritz, Isabella, Kita, S., Littlemore, J., & Krott, A. (2015). The Influence Of Clause Structure On Gestural Depiction Of Motion Events". Proceedings of the Gesture And Speech In Interaction Colloquium. Nantes, France: HAL, 2015. 113-117.

Language development test

WinG (Words in Game) test: